THE EFFECT OF DESK STRETCHES ON THE LEVEL OF LOW BACK PAIN ON HAND-ROLLED CIGARETTE WORKERS IN THE WAREHOUSE DIVISION IN PR. MARGANTARA JAYA
Hand-rolled cigarette workers have work demands in sitting positions while working and doing repetitive movements without paying attention to body alignment for a long period, which becomes a factor in the emergence of LBP in the workers. The study was aimed to prove the effects of the desk stretches on the LBP level on hand-rolled cigarette workers. The research design used was quasi experimental with the pretestposttest nonequivalent control group design method. There were 36 respondents selected through a purposive sampling technique, divided into 2 groups of 18 people for a treatment group and 18 people for a control group. The variable measured in this study was the difference in LBP levels before and after the intervention. The research data were tested using the Wilcoxon statistical test and the Mann Whitney statistical test with significance α=0.05. The results of the Wilcoxon statistical test showed that there were no changes in LBP levels in the pretest-posttest of the control group with a pv value of 1000 (pv > 0.05), while the results of the Wilcoxon statistical test showed that there was a change in LBP levels in the pretest-posttest in the treatment group with a pv value of 0.000 (pv <0.05). The results of the Mann Whitney statistical test showed there was an effect of the desk stretches intervention in LBP levels in the posttest of the control group and the treatment group with a p-value of 0.017 (pv <0.05). The desk stretches is very effective to be applied to hand-rolled cigarette workers with LBP complaints. By doing desk stretches, back muscles are more flexible and it increases oxygen circulation to cells. Besides, desk stretches can be used as a reference for implementing safety and security at work, especially related to body alignment at work. Therefore, desk stretches can be used as a solution to reduce LBP complaints to workers in a continuous sitting position.